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7 ways to mark a trail

When you are lost or in unfamiliar territory with no marked trails it is important to mark your direction of travel so rescuers can find you. Trailblazing will also help you find your way back. Most of these methods are for emergency use only, so please only do them when really necessary and leave no trace otherwise. The easiest trail markers to trace are the ones that are clearly man made.
This is what a cairn looks like.

1. Broken branch- Break green branches in your direction of travel. This can also be used to mark turns in a trail.
2. Hack marks into trees- EMERGENCY USE ONLY. Make one gash in the direction you are heading and two on the return side.
3. Ribbon- if you happen to have some ribbon you can tie a small piece to trees as you pass.
4. Arrows- use branches to form an arrow in your direction of travel. Arrows are pretty obvious and don't look natural so this might be your best bet especially if you make them big so they can be seem from the air.
5. Cairn- a cairn is basically a pile of rocks or snow that is clearly man made.
6. Tied grass- If you are by a meadow where the grass is tall tie the tops together as you travel.  
7. Spray paint- A dot of paint is easily distinguished but this should only be done on your own property. Chances are you wont have a can of spray paint with you when you need it anyway so don't count on this one.

How to tie a Bowline knot

A staple of the Greater Outdoors, The Bowline is an ancient but simple loop knot. Memorize it now!
The structure of the bowline is identical to that of the Sheet Bend, except that it is formed at the end of a single line.
1. Form a counter clockwise overhand loop in the standing part. Leave the tail about twice as long as the size of the loop desired.

How to tie a Clove Hitch

Need to cut yourself some slack? The Clove Hitch is useful in situations where the length of the running end needs to be adjustable.
Along with the bowline and the sheet bend, the Clove Hitch often considered one of the most essential knots. It is most effective used as a crossing knot, where the line on both sides of the knot are under tension. Used as a traditional hitch, that is loading only one end, the clove hitch is liable to slip.
1. Take a turn around a par. Bring the working end up and across the standing part, forming an x on the spar.

How to tie a sheet bend

The sheet bend is very fast to tie and is useful when joining two ropes of different diameters.
Also known as Becket bend (when made fast to an eye instead of a loop), the Sheet Bend is often considered one of the most essential knots and is related in structure to the bowline. If the two free ends are not on the same side of the knot, the result is a left-handed sheet bend of significantly reduced strength.
1. Form a bight in the end of the larger of two lines.

How to find water

Water is one of your top priorities whether you are at home or on the go. Sometimes water is difficult to come by but here's some common places to find it. **always boil any water you collect **
Rivers, streams, lakes
If the water is dirty strain it out first.


Shelter is one of the basic needs for any animal including people. I like having protection from the elements while I'm sleeping and I'm sure you do too. So lets cover an easy shelter.
Lean to
This is an easy shelter to build as